Painful Conditions & amp; Diseases of the Knee
There are several knee diseases or conditions which can also contribute to chronic knee discomfort. These diseases often impact the soft tissues, joints, nerves and/or bones inside knee area. The most typical knee diseases as well as conditions include arthritis, arthritis-related cysts, attacks, calcification and softening of vital cartilage. An overview of each of these ailments can be found below.
There are several types of arthritis, including genetic, degenerative and inflammatory. Hereditary arthritis includes both rheumatoid arthritis and gout. An individual with one of these conditions is genetically likely to be able to have chronic irritation of the joint, which can be painful as well as limit movement. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and is degenerative in nature. The cartilage gets worn down over time as a result of repeat usage of the knee joint.
- Knee arthritis can be treated with an arthritis knee brace or, in very severe cases, knee replacement surgery.
- In some arthritis cases, the knee's puffiness can cause fluid building up in a cyst generally located in the back of the leg.
- These are often referred to ask Baker cysts.
- If the cyst will become big and painful, you can have a physician drain the fluid, as well as use physical therapy and medication.
Infection on the Knee Joint or Bone
Following a puncture wound, a bacterial pathogen can penetrate the knee area through the joint, bursa, bone or perhaps skin and lead to an internal infection in the knee joint or bone. Even though the knee may not encounter particular pain as the result of an infection, the individual may produce a fever, encounter chills in their body and a localized heat around the knee. When diagnosed, these attacks are usually treated with a round of antibiotics.
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Knee tumors are rare, but when they do appear they can obstruct walking and cause pain. The best treatment for growth is surgical removal, but in a few extreme cases, it may also require lower leg amputation.
Charcot Joints Charcot joints occur when the ability to sense deep pain is lost or diminished. As a result of the inability to sense pain, small fractures begin to develop in areas of tension such as the arch of the foot. The normal response to a fracture is...
The collateral ligament located on the inside of the knee may calcify. This is usually seen in people who have had a significant MCL ligament injury in their past and is known as Pellegrini-Stieda syndrome. The calcification leads to inflammation, but it can be treated efficiently with continuous cold therapy, immobilization and rest. In some instances a cortisone shot can help.
Chrondromalacia will be a condition characterized by the softening of cartilage under the patella (knee cap). It is most often seen in women, likely due to how their hips distribute weight to their knees. When the cartilage softens, it can cause significant deep leg pain as well as stiffness. Most cases of Chrondromalacia are successfully treated with anti-inflammatory treatment, strengthening exercises for the quads, sleep and cold treatment.
Chris Dillon is President of MMAR Medical Group Inc., a wholesale medical supplier specializing in orthopedic braces including wrist and hand braces, cervical braces and a wide variety of arthritis and hinged leg braces.
Susie is a leading curator at omex3.com, a resource about alternative natural health. Last year, Susie worked as a post curator at a well-known tech web site. When she's not sourcing web posts, Susie enjoys working out and skateboarding.